International Diabetes Federation – evidence for 1-hour glucose assessor

International Diabetes Federation has just released a new Position Statement that indicates that an oral glucose tolerance test performed at 1-hour after a glucose load is more effective in screening at-risk individuals for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes than a 2-hour Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT). 

The International Diabetes Federation is a non-profit umbrella organization of more than 240 national diabetes associations from 161 countries including the United States (represented by the American Diabetes Association), Canada, Australia, as well as many countries in Europe, Asia and Africa. This global reach means that the IDF’s reports and recommendations have significant international implications.

This international Position Statement provides the evidence to support the practice of requisitioning a 1-hour post load glucose test in place of 2 hour Oral Glucose Tolerance Test to diagnose prediabetes and type 2 diabetes in at-risk individuals.

For physicians who prefer to choose to continue to order a 2-hour Oral Glucose Tolerance Test, this new Position Statement provides support for adding an additional extra assessor at 1-hour, something I have asked for over the last several years based on existing evidence

Prediction of Risk of Type 2 Diabetes

The new Position Statement highlights that a 1-hour post-load plasma glucose level of 8.6 mmol/L (155 mg/dL) or higher during in people with normal glucose tolerance strongly predicts the development of type 2 diabetes as well as various complications such as micro- and macrovascular issues, obstructive sleep apnea, metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease, and death in individuals with risk factors. The recommendations are for  individuals with 1-hour plasma glucose of 8.6 mmol/L (155 mg/dL) or higher to be prescribed lifestyle intervention and referred to a diabetes prevention program.

Diagnosis of Type 2 Diabetes

The Position Statement indicates that a  1-hour post-load plasma glucose level of 11.6 mmol/L (209 mg/dL) or higher confirms a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes and recommends that a repeat test be conducted to confirm the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes and once confirmed, to refer the individual for treatment.

Benefits of the 1-hour Post-Load Glucose Test

The Position Statement indicates that the 1-hour post glucose load test;

    1. shows glucose dysregulation earlier than the 2-hour post glucose load test
    2. provides an opportunity to avoid misclassification of glucose status if fasting blood glucose or HbA1c are used alone.
    3. predicts diabetes and associated complications including death in populations of different ethnicity, sex and age
    4. allows for early detection in high-risk individuals which enables the ability to provide intervention to prevent a progression to type 2 diabetes.


The conclusion of the International Diabetes Federation Position Statement is that there is strong evidence to support redefining current diagnostic criteria for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes to include testing at 1-hour post glucose during an Oral Glucose Tolerance Test.

Final Thoughts

There is strong evidence for the use of a 1-hour post glucose load test to diagnose or rule out prediabetes or type 2 diabetes in at-risk individuals.

Most significantly, use of the 1-hour post glucose load test allows for early detection and provision of dietary and lifestyle intervention support to prevent the progression to type 2 diabetes. 

To your good health,



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  1. Bergman M,  Manco M., Satman I., et al, International Diabetes Federation Position Statement on the 1-hour post-load plasma glucose for the diagnosis of intermediate hyperglycaemia and type 2 diabetes, Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, Vol. 209, 111589, March 6, 2024


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